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tomatillo in english

Nutrition facts and Information for Tomatillos, raw. P. philadelphica grow up to 15 to 60 cm and have few hairs on the stem. [12] Fruit production continues for 1 to 2 months or until first frost. Tomatillo is a member of the nightshade family, related to tomatoes. tomatillo in American English ... Download our English Dictionary apps - available for both iOS and Android. [11] Applications of plastic mulches also help to restrict soil water evaporation and modifying microclimate,[8] thereby affecting tomatillo growth and yield. Serve the chilli on warm corn tortillas, topped with fresh tomatillo salsa, guacamole, and sour cream. Smaller crops are planted in many parts of the United States. [1] By the middle of the 20th century, the plant was further exported to India, Australia, South Africa, and Kenya. As of 2017, two diseases affecting tomatillo have been documented, namely tomato yellow leaf curl virus and turnip mosaic virus. There are several varieties of tomatillos, with differences in tastes, traits, and ripening colors. [4] Other names are Mexican green tomato and miltomate. noun tomatillos 1 A small edible fruit that is purplish or yellow when ripe, but is most often used when green for salsas and preserves. [20], Tomatillo is generally a very resistant crop, as long as its climatic requirements are met. You'll be able to mark your mistakes quite easily. Tomatillos share many traits with tomatoes. Even though the word “tomatillo” literally translates to “little tomato” in English, don’t be fooled. Green tomatoes are unripe and have limited use compared to fresh tomatillos. [4][1] Further distribution occurred in the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, and Florida. The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica and Physalis ixocarpa), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. [citation needed] Due to its rapid and branching growth it is recommended to stake them. [25] After laboratory tests, the virus was confirmed. Excavations in the Mexican state of Puebla have shown that tomatillos were being used as far back as 800 BC. [11] They grow best at 25 to 32 °C. The inside is white and meatier than a … In 2017, scientists reported on their discovery and analysis of a fossil tomatillo found in the Patagonian region of Argentina, dated to 52 million years BP. Tomatillos are the fruit of a different plant, and are sometimes called Mexican green tomatoes or jamberries. Four very good words: Avocado.Tomatillo. They might just be a food with an identity crisis. They keep even longer with the husks removed and the fruit refrigerated in sealed plastic bags. More: English to English translation of Tomatillo The tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica), also known as the Mexican husk tomato, is a plant of the nightshade family bearing small, spherical and green or green-purple fruit of the same name. (Solanaceae)", "Tomatillo: A Potential Vegetable Crop for Louisiana; In: J. Janick and J.E. “The Encyclopedia of American Food and Drink”notes that the word “tomatillo” has only been in print in English since around 1910. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses links to audio pronunciation and … Ripe tomatillos keep refrigerated for about two weeks. The tomatillo is a member of the genus Physalis, erected by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The Mexican husk tomato abounds in Mexico and the highlands of Guatemala. At first glance, tomatillos look very similar to green tomatoes, but they’re actually two very different fruits. tomatillo: tomatillo [the ~] noun. The leaves are typically serrated and can either be smooth or pubescent. The Milpero tomatillo is native to Central America and Mexico, and was developed as a crop by the Aztecs. [11] Direct outdoor seeding can only be done if no frost risk exists and soil temperature is higher than 15 °C. )", "First Report of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus Infecting Tomato, Tomatillo, and Peppers in Guatemala", "First Report of Turnip mosaic virus in Tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica) in California", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tomatillo&oldid=993877543, Crops originating from Pre-Columbian North America, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:47. The tomatillo is also often classified as P. ixocarpa BROT. Other species such as P. aeuata and P. violacea were described later. [1] Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era. [1], There is limited information about tomatillo production,[8] even though tomatillo is distributed and grown worldwide as home-grown garden plant. The plant, i.e. Harvesting occurs regularly, typically every day. But … The freshness and greenness of the husk are quality criteria. An application of 40 – 90 kg/ha of phosphorus is common. However, they do best in well-drained, sandy, fertile soil conditions with a pH between 5.5 and 7.3. Tomatillos are coated in a sticky residue and covered with a thin, papery husk on the outside. [15] In this stage, it could be suitable as a tomato substitute. Only heterozygous plants can be self-compatible as the trait is controlled by a dominant gene. Harvesting is done by hand. Roasted tomatillo salsa is great. [8] This state is normally achieved 65 to 100 days after transplanting. In Spanish, it is called tomate de cáscara (husk tomato), tomate de fresadilla (little strawberry tomato), tomate milpero (field tomato), tomate verde (green tomato), tomatillo (Mexico; this term means "little tomato" elsewhere), miltomate (Mexico, Guatemala), farolito (little lantern), or simply tomate (in which case the tomato is called jitomate from Nahuatl xitomatl). The self-compatibility gene is situated in the chromosomes of the tomatillo and is not inherited through cytoplasm. Transplants that were produced indoors need to harden off in a warm, sunny place for a few days before being planted outside. ), Advances in new crops", "Self-Compatibility Inheritance in Tomatillo (Physalis Ixocarpa Brot. Even though tomatillo plants becomes more drought tolerant the older they get, regular watering is required. Look for full husks and, in some cases, a slight change of color in the fruit. Below 16 °C, growth is very poor. [1], The tomatillo genus name Physalis is from New Latin physalis, coined by Linnaeus from Ancient Greek φυσαλλίς (physallís, “bladder, wind instrument”), itself from φυσιόω (physióō, “to puff up, blow up”), φυσώ (physṓ). [24] Tomatillo can thus produce seeds through self-pollination due to the involvement of self-compatibility traits but the germination viability is different throughout the produced seeds. [9] Although tomatillo is a perennial plant, overwintering is hard, so it is normally cultivated as an annual plant. Plastic and organic mulches help to effectively control weeds. See more. goya.com Shred the chicken and place it in a saucepan with the Tomatillo and Green Salsa and salt to taste , stir a nd mix for about 10 minutes. [12] Transplanting occurs 6 to 8 weeks after seeding and when risk of frost is past. Add the chicken stock and cook for another 15 minutes. ESTIMATED GLYCEMIC LOAD™ Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food or meal's effect on blood-sugar levels. [13] Staking can also reduce disease, as well as slug damages. [26], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Root zone temperature, plant growth and fruit yield of tomatillo as affected by plastic film mulch", "Tomatillo: a green sourpuss with a sweet side", "A New Record for the Flora of Turkey: Physalis philadelphica Lam. Tomatillos originated in Mexico and were cultivated in the pre-Columbian era. Tomatillo definition is - the small round yellow, purplish, and especially pale green edible sticky fruit of a Mexican ground-cherry (Physalis ixocarpa synonym P. philadelphica); also : … [24] This limits the ability to improve tomatillo production regarding the seed quality and the production of varieties. the tomatillo – small edible yellow to purple tomato-like fruit enclosed in a bladderlike husk 1. the tomatillo; the Mexican husk tomato; the husk tomato Record yourself saying 'tomatillo' in full sentences, then watch yourself and listen. Tomatillos are a key ingredient in fresh and cooked Mexican and Central-American green sauces. The green color and tart flavor are the main culinary contributions of the fruit. As the tomatillo grows, it fills out the husk, and sometimes even pops it open. Salsa. [20] The nomenclature for Physalis changed since the 1950s. [9] In Mexico tomatillos are planted within a wide range of altitudes. Although the term tomatillo could be roughly translated as “little tomato”, you don’t necessarily want to substitute green tomatoes for tomatillos. [1] The plant is grown mostly in the Mexican states of Hidalgo and Morelos, and in the highlands of Guatemala[1] where it is known as miltomate. When the pork is cooked, season with salt. Desmenuce el pollo y póngalo en un sartén para cocinar, agregue la salsa de tomatillo y la salsa verde y un poco de sal si desea. Symptoms of tomato yellow leaf curl virus, including chlorotic margins and interveinal yellowing, were found in several tomato and tomatillo crops in Mexico and Guatemala in 2006. (Bright green fruit often ripens to a more yellowish-green, for instance.) Later, the classification of P. ixocarpa was revised under the species of P. philadelphica. [1] Some of these names, however, can also refer to other species in the genus Physalis. Have you tried it yet? For salsa verde, it is harvested early, when the fruit is sour with a light flavor. Translation for 'tomatillo' in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations. Hover on a tile to learn new words with the same root. Raw tomatillo salsa is tangy and great. a small, round fruit with a papery husk, used as a vegetable in Mexican cooking: yellow to purple when ripe, but cooked while still green 2. the plant (Physalis ixocarpa) on which this fruit grows Webster’s … Detailed Synonyms for tomatillo in English. Break 'tomatillo' down into sounds : say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them. The finding has pushed back the earliest appearance of the Solanaceae plant family of which the tomatillo is one genus. Tomatillo plants are highly self-incompatible, and two or more plants are needed for proper pollination. Depending on soil type and irrigation, other nutrients and fertilzers (N/ K) may be required. [9] Tomatillo plants prefer full sun exposure and warm locations. We count with great growth areas for each of our own products, 200 hectares dedicated to the production of mango, 100 hectares for the production of hot chili and 100 hectares for the production of tomatillo, as well as other kind of other producer’s products Damage to fruit and husk, when the pork is cooked, season with salt require 25–38 mm water. Help to effectively control Weeds from your garden tomatoes also be frozen whole or sliced it out! 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On blood-sugar levels light green, although they can ripen to yellow be harvested at different stages its! ’ s English ⇔ German dictionary a tile to learn new words with the as... Exposure tomatillo in english pests and diseases Central America and Mexico, and sour cream single plant enough! More flavor [ 8 ] this limits the ability to improve tomatillo production and especially important during the few!, or even purple get, regular Fertilization is recommended to stake.! 25 ] after laboratory tests, the virus was confirmed very similar to green tomatoes a single plant requires growing. Glycemic load is a way of expressing a food with an average yield of about 9 tons acre. Hover on a large cherry tomato production of varieties as P. ixocarpa is commonly for! Small green tomato in tomatillo production regarding the seed quality and the of! Is commonly used for the domestic plant and P. philadelphica for the domestic plant and P. violacea described... 'S frequently referred to as `` green salsa '' provide a safe and appropriate environment for children,! Older they get, regular watering is required generally a very resistant crop, as long its.

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