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what vitamins do dogs need

If you're unsure about your dog's nutrition, talk to … Thiamine and pantothenic give your dog more energy as it helps in regulating how carbohydrates are metabolized into energy. But she’s cautious about recommending supplements, especially for young animals that might be on nutritional supplements for many years. There have been many studies that show antioxidants such as vitamins E and C will protect and repair brain cells. Learn how your comment data is processed. If an animal already eats a balanced diet and receives excess portions of some vitamins and minerals, they could be harmful, according to the FDA and veterinarians. “It’s absolutely critical, but it should be done to match the diet,” Wynn says. Unfortunately, there isn’t always a clear answer. As many as a third of U.S. dogs and cats may receive vitamins or supplements. There are also supplements containing compounds targeted at maintaining brain function in dogs. Vitamins and minerals are the building blocks that your dog’s body uses to produce and repair everything from skin cells to neural pathways. “Your Dog’s Nutritional Needs,” Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, National Academies Division on Earth and Life Studies.Â. The group has also required its members - about 90% of the industry - to adopt new standards for manufacturing by June 2010. They make great additions to your dog’s diet—whether you feed packaged dog food or home cook meals. Good sources: These include asparagus, bananas, … That’s probably all I would recommend.”. Español Vitamin D is an essential nutrient that helps dogs regulate the balance and retention of calcium and phosphorus. “In the pet area, we’ve seen the quality is lower than it is for human supplements,” Cooperman says. When you always deal with itchy, dry, flaky, crusty or frequent skin lesions, this may be a … Well, it really depends on the dog and on what type of diet you feed it. Fish oil supplements also can reduce inflammation, according to a study published in the American Journal of Veterinary Research. Veterinary nutritionist Susan Wynn, DVM, sees many clients in her practice near Atlanta who give their dogs vitamins and nutritional supplements. Furthermore, high levels of one mineral in the diet often interfere with the uptake of another. Vitamin D. Marine fish oil, fatty fish, egg yolks, dairy products, liver, beef, cottage cheese. The National Animal Supplement Council also checked its members’ joint support products and found that 25% didn’t meet label claims, president Bill Bookout says. Deficiency: Symptoms include inflammation of the lips and fissures in the mouth. Welcome to the new WebMD Dog Health Center. Vitamins keep your pet’s skin and coat healthy, strengthen bones and teeth, and give them the overall energy that they need to function. Cats need the following in their diets. They are just as good for your dog’s health as they are for you. However, there are some types of dog food (the cheaper ones) that basically are just calories and macronutrients and do not contain any vitamins. As stated above, if your dog is in need of more B vitamins, you need to search out higher quality meats and organs from grass-fed animals. The vitamins and nutrients that pets need most are highlighted below. But a 2006 study for the National Institutes of Health Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial concluded that the supplements weren't effective in humans with mild pain. Most common dog supplements recommended to add to homemade dog food recipes include: Multivitamin supplements Hip and joint supplements Omega-3 fatty acids ( fish oil) Vitamins A & E Calcium Protein supplements She recommends fruits and vegetables to pet owners who want to give extra nutrients. Possibly. New England Journal of Medicine, Feb. 23, 2006; vol. If you are talking about supplementation for dogs, you have to make sure that you are giving them vitamins. Thinkstock However, most dogs and cats that are on well-balanced, quality pet foods do not need extra supplementation of vitamins. Cooperman says ConsumerLab.com has found fewer problems with supplements sold at vet’s offices, although they do occur. Adding extra vitamin C to your dog's diet can cause serious health problems, so unless your dog has been prescribed them by a vet, do not give vitamin C supplements. WebMD notes too much vitamin D can depress a dog's appetite, cause muscle atrophy and harm bones. The most common are multivitamins, supplements to support arthritic joints, and fatty acids to reduce shedding and improve a coat’s shine, according to a 2006 study published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. Carrots, spinach, liver, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, fish oil, eggs, turnip greens. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Dec. 1, 2007; vol 231: pp 1657-1661. A lot of homemade dog foods are merely empty calories that have no nutritional value whatsoever. FDA: “Update on Animal Dietary Supplements.”. WebMD veterinary experts provide comprehensive information about dog health care, offer nutrition and feeding tips, and help you identify illnesses in dogs. Excess vitamin A can cause joint pain and dehydration. Be wary of claims that sound too good to be true, such as promises to alleviate diseases like parvovirus. Vitamin A. “It’s hard finding quality evidence for the efficacy, much less the need for these products,” Boothe says. You should consider your dog’s age, overall health, and activity level before supplementing. So, if you are giving your dog the right kind of commercial dog food that already has plenty of essential vitamins and minerals, you probably do not already need to give your pet vitamins. Go for whole foods and not of that processed junk if you are thinking of providing table food for your dog. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Better yet, ask your vet if your dog requires vitamin supplementation and always make it a point to know the dosage. Here are the best vitamins for dogs: Vitamin A. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in carrots, turnip greens, pumpkin, eggs, fish oil, liver, sweet potatoes, and spinach. It is good for fending off oxidative damage, and the lack of it can lead to long-term health problems such as muscle degeneration and issues with your reproductive health. There are some vitamins that dogs need more than others, and they are those that you should include in their diet, be it in their food or with supplements. Most of us take some type of vitamin at least once in a while, so do dogs need vitamins to be healthy as well? Minerals Calcium & Phosphorus Without it, your dog will certainly end up with weaker bones, poor joints, or even deformities. Antioxidants such as vitamins C and E also reduce inflammation and help aging dogs with memory problems, Wynn says. And when you are giving your pet canine vitamins and minerals, always make sure that you check the label and look at the required dosage. Other than that, she limits her recommendations if a dog is healthy. ConsumerLab.com tests of three probiotic supplements in 2006 showed that only one contained enough viable organisms to be effective. What’s Special about the Wholehearted Natural Dog Food Brand? Vita Health Adult Daily Vitamins. can help turn those things around and help improve, not only your dog’s coat and skin, but their overall health as well.. Too much calcium can cause skeletal problems, especially in large-breed puppies; too much vitamin A can harm blood vessels and cause dehydration and joint pain. Vitamin E is responsible for helping your dog’s body metabolize fat and in facilitating cell functions. This vitamin is abundant in citrus fruits such as oranges and lemons. While that type of diet might be delicious for your dog, it might not have the right balance of macronutrients and vitamins for your pet canine. Affiliate Disclosure  “*Every Creature Counts is a participant in the Amazon Affiliate Program (and other affiliate programs as identified in the products). “From an efficacy and safety standard, if it’s in a pet food, I have a greater level of confidence,” Boothe says. Be cautious about giving human supplements to dogs. And if you are someone who does not follow a healthy diet and relies heavily on fatty and sugary foods, there is a good chance that your dog also has the same kind of diet. Ingredients in some supplements, such as herbals, may interact with other medicine an animal is taking. In a healthy dog, there is probably little or no gain from supplementing a dog’s diet with Vitamin C. Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin which means whatever the body doesn’t use is expelled in the dog’s urine. However, extremely high levels of vitamin D can cause serious health problems. Is there any danger in giving my dog vitamins? With a growing population of aging, overweight dogs, the market for dog supplements is expected to increase 37% by 2012, reaching $1.7 billion, according to Packaged Facts, a market research firm. Vitamin B2 It is water-soluble. Clinical trials are rare. Many people take dietary supplements or vitamins. “Most people are doing it because they want to, not because it’s necessary,” says C.A. Many different types of vitamins and supplements can be used for dogs. According to PetMD, Vitamin C is really just expensive pee for dogs, so you may as well skip this (and choose to feed natural foods with Vitamin C … Glucosamine-chondroitin supplements, commonly given to dogs with osteoarthritis, have shown mixed results in testing in humans and animals. It simply means that there really is something as too much. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Keep reading this AnimalWised article to find out what are the best vitamins for dogs and in what foods they can be found. About: Vita Health Daily Vitamins are scientifically formulated to … Because this is a very powerful antioxidant, vitamin C also works like a charm for your dogs. If we mention a product from the site and link it to a third party vendor, please assume it is an affiliate link. Bauer J.E. Take the Golden Retriever for example. Unlike synthetic vitamins and minerals, whole foods and herbs provide essential nutrients complete with the cofactors they need to make a healthy change in your dog This early research showed scientists that synthetic vitamins don’t always act like their real food counterparts … even with today’s more sophisticated vitamins and research. You need to know what kind of vitamins dogs need and the right dosage if you want them to stay as healthy as possible. But "the quality of these products is a major, major concern,” Boothe says. McCarthy, G. The Veterinary Journal, July 2007; vol 174: pp 54-61. Simply put, there are possible dangers and side-effects to a diet that is supplemented with vitamins. Again, it depends. Tony Buffington, DVM, PhD, professor of veterinary clinical sciences at The Ohio State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital. If an animal already eats a balanced diet … Look for certification from an organization that has independently verified a supplement’s contents. — Tastiest High-Energy Nutritional Supplement. Freeman, L. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, Aug. 15, 2006; vol 229: pp 531-534. Other dog foods might contain botanicals, such as cranberry, to ward off urinary tract infections or DHA to boost cognitive development in puppies. The council sets labeling guidelines, requires adverse event reports for problems with supplements and tests some products to check whether they contain the amount of ingredients claimed on the label. A 2007 study published in The Veterinary Journal concluded that dogs treated with glucosamine-chondroitin sulfate showed less pain and more mobility after 70 days of treatment. They actually need some sort of supplementation for their diet. Dog owners would agree that these canine pals are some of the most rewarding animals to take care of. Dogs fed a homemade diet may need supplements. “Don’t forego traditional therapies, especially if it’s a life- or organ-threatening illness for your pet,” says Dawn M. Boothe, DVM, MS, PhD, director of the clinical pharmacology lab at the Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. ConsumerLab.com, which tests products for its industry certification program and sells subscriptions to its reports for consumers, surveyed glucosamine/chondroitin supplements for pets and humans. This is the case for phosphorus and calcium, copper and iron, phosphorus and sodium, zinc and magnesium, and more. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, “Nutritional Supplements for Companion Animals.”. And increasingly, they’re likely to give them to their pets, too. It has potentially serious side effects for your pet, including bone damage and even death. “We require companies to do an investigation, find out why that is, and take corrective action.”. Some adult dog foods contain glucosamine/chondroitin but because of state regulations that restrict the amount, it’s usually not a therapeutic dose. How to Relieve Dog Itching. Top Vitamins for Dogs. Found in: Tofu, green beans, broccoli, and cauliflower (calcium). Fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K Vitamin E is necessary for eye and muscle health, cell function and fat metabolism. C.A. Sale. American Journal of Veterinary Research, April 2008; vol 69: pp 486-493. “Probiotics fit that bill. “They come in with bags full sometimes,” she says. Why is My Dog Scratching Like Crazy? The Feline Nutrition Foundation notes that cats need protein, fat, minerals, vitamins and water in their diet daily. That is why they always tell you to eat carrots, which is high in vitamin A. Fatty acids can help coats look better. Required fields are marked *. But if you rely heavily on cheap dog food and on homemade meals made out of table scraps or cheap meats, you may want to provide vitamins and minerals for your dog. WebMD teams up with veterinarians to talk about vitamin safety, dangers, and what to look for. You should never give your dog more than it requires. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. FDA: “Nutritional Supplements for Companion Animals.”. Dawn M. Boothe, DVM, MS, PhD, director, clinical pharmacology laboratory, Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine. Absolutely, vets say. Multivitamins: Never give human multivitamins to dogs. In dogs that are already getting enough calcium, giving them more will only lead to problems in their skeleton. Sixty percent of the pet products failed, compared to 25% of those manufactured for people, says Tod Cooperman, MD, president of ConsumerLab.com. Look for a contact number for the company on the label. Susan Wynn, DVM, nutritionist for Georgia Veterinary Specialists, Sandy Springs, Ga.; clinical resident in small animal nutrition, University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine. A poor coat could indicate skin, metabolic or hormonal problems. Vitamin A- This is needed for their skin and haircoat. It is effective at attacking free radicals and in reducing inflammation to make sure that all sorts of toxins are flushed out. Vitamin C is actually a vitamin that dogs naturally produce in their livers. However, if you are not providing enough nutrients to your dog, it might not be able to produce enough vitamin C. That is why there might be a need for you to supplement its diet with more vitamin C. Vitamin D is the type of vitamin we get from the sun’s rays. He says that while most dog foods are full of all the vitamins and minerals your dog … "If you cook for your dog, they may need supplements," explains Dr. Klein. In other words, there is an increasing number of pet dogs that require vitamins, probably due to how poor their diet is. Some of the most common ones are multivitamins, fatty acids, joint supplements, fiber, and probiotics. Excess vitamin D can prompt a dog to stop eating, harm bones, and cause muscles to atrophy. surveyed glucosamine/chondroitin supplements for pets and humans. A2008 report from the National Research Council, a scientific research unit of the nonprofit National Academies, concluded there was little information on the safety of pet supplements. It may surprise you that the life expectancy for dogs has greatly dropped from where it once was. There is also a possibility for your dog’s bones and muscles to weaken if you are giving your pet too much vitamin D. So, what does this mean? Experts say some work, others don’t, and some aren’t necessary and may even be harmful to dogs. If you look at the statistics, about a third of the dogs in the United States actually receive vitamins and minerals to supplement their diet. So, if your dog doesn't have a high-quality diet and needs extra supplementation, what vitamins do they need? This is essential for maintaining bone and muscle health in dogs. Some products, such as garlic, can be dangerous for dogs. Possibly. National Research Council, “Safety of Dietary Supplements for Horses, Dogs and Cats.”. There are plenty of types of B vitamins that are good for your dog’s overall health in the same way as we humans also require several types of B vitamins. “Make sure you stick with a standard of care and use the supplements as they were intended, as supplements.”. There is nothing wrong with continuing to use daily vitamins throughout pregnancy but you do not need to do both. “You can’t just create a meal and give your dog a vitamin.” Check with a veterinarian or nutritionist for help in determining what, if anything, is needed. “Almost none of them have been tested for long-term safety in dogs,” Wynn says. Whole foods such as meat and vegetables are rich in essential vitamins and minerals. “, Your email address will not be published. Many pet foods include vitamin E, so it is extremely rare that a dog would need to supplement this fat soluble vitamin. Sixty percent of the pet products failed, compared to 25% of those manufactured for people, says Tod Cooperman, MD, president of ConsumerLab.com. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Doggone It! The National Animal Supplement Council is addressing some of these concerns. A prescription dog food, on the other hand, may contain therapeutic levels of the supplement. 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